Metaphors of kneading bread with the creation of family

Preparing the products for kneading – different products (flour, yeast, salt, water…) are expression of the different  individual  character features. Before you start with the kneading – creating a family— individuals get to know and accept each other’s characters and models of behavior.

Mixing the products  – with the aim to create one whole (the family) everyone gives something from himself/herself and changes in order to keep the collective harmony. In this phase personal egoism and striving for domination are overcome.

Kneading the dough –  individuals start “kneading” their own characters, as everyone preserves her/his individuality and at the same time individualities connect into one whole, the same way as in dough there are many different elements: flour, water and others, but it is still one whole entity. Common living is put under a lot of pressure, so a lot of patience, understanding and eagerness are needed. Gradually one very well-shaped whole is reached, which is a product of prolonged kneading.

Rising up of the bread – the created harmonious whole is becoming stronger and enjoys the common living. The bases for new future development are placed – children, new home…

Baking the bread – working towards fulfilling the family wishes as obstacles that are not very influential anymore because the dough is well-kneaded.

Breaking and sharing the bread – the wanted result from the common living is fulfilled. From many different mixtures (individual character features) the result is bread (united family). It is enjoying what they wanted to have.

The kneading on its own, along with the method of kneading with metaphors, actively develops fine movement activity, dexterity and hand coordination. Furthermore, a broad range of socio-emotional processes are included while creating, discussing and sharing the metaphors. Cognitive processes are also touched; for example, kneading the bread in a knotted shape helps with space orientation, especially for people with different disabilities, because when knotting the shape we clarify the positions “on top”, “from below”,  “under”, “on”, “in the centre”, “at the end”, “in”, “on”. As a whole, imagination and a feeling of personal responsibility are well-developed.

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